May/June 2017

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Mon, May 01, 2017 @ 11:44 AM


Summer-Time Pests Are Coming

Summer-time and hordes of pests go hand in hand.  One reason is the warm weather causes pest to multiply much faster.  For instance, the common house fly can take up to 6 weeks to grow from egg to adult fly in cool weather, but in warm weather this takes 6 days!  Many of these pests find their way into homes.

     While these pests aren't big and impressive like bears and alligators, they nevertheless cause serious damage and health problems.  They also can be a nuisance and an embarrassment. Among the summer pests we encounter are cockroaches (a health hazard because of the any disease organisms they carry, and the allergies they cause) and silverfish, which eat into books, magazines, and documents.  Ants are the most common summer pest, and they cause all sorts of problems.  Stored food pests like flour beetles, moths, and mites spoil stored human and pet food, and rats and mice are health hazards that spoil food and leave behind their droppings, urine, and hairs. 

     Other pests can inflict painful or irritating stings or bites or transmit diseases, including fleas, ticks, spiders, mites, bees, wasp, bedbugs, mosquitoes and others.  Some pests, like carpet beetles and clothes moths, damage clothing, rugs, and other fabrics.  Carpenter ants, termites, and other pests destroy wood in our homes.

     Don't let any of these pests get the upper hand in your home!  We are the area pest management experts.  If you know anyone whose home is unprotected from constantly-invading pests, let them know we can help them!


Spiders and Their Venoms

Few creatures are feared as much as spiders.  There are over 3,000 species of spiders in this country.  Fortunately most of them can't penetrate our skin with their fangs.  When they do bite people they either don't inject any venom, or not enough to affect us.  Keep in mind, spiders do not actively seek out people to bite.

     Nevertheless, there are two types of spider venom that can cause a serious reaction.  The black widow and its cousins have a neurotoxic venom.  This kind of venom can cause pain as well as muscle cramping, sweating, weekness, and breathing difficulties.  Fatalities from their bites occur but are rare.

     Brown recluse spiders (not found in California) have a cytotoxic venom that can result in a necrotic (ulcerating) wound that is slow to heal.  Bites from these spiders are less common that it might seem.  Research shows that many people who think they have been bitten by this kind of of spider have not been.  There are other things that can cause a necrotic wound.  They include bites from other pests, as well as conditions completely unrelated to pests, such as certain kinds of bacterial and fungal infections, and ulcers from diabetes or bed sores.

     Recent evidence shows that the common sac spiders, which many people believed caused necrotic wounds, don't cause those wounds at all.  Their bites cause a sharp pain like a bee sting, so it is a neurotoxin.

     We are the area experts at spider control.  Keep in mind that re infestations occur when young spiders catch a breeze and use it to "parachute" to your home on a silk strand.  Also, some spiders are "hunting spiders" that frequently wander indoors.

Pest Prevention Tip of the Month

Remove bird nests from eves and branches touching your home immediately after young birds stop using the nests.  Various blood-sucking and scavenging bugs live in these nests, and leave the nests when the birds leave.  These pests sometimes crawl into homes from the abandoned nests.


What's That Bug in My Ear?

Another study has confirmed that cockroaches, not earwigs, are by far the most common insects that enter people's ears, according to the records of physicians who have extracted insects form people's ear.

     The report, in the South African Medical Journal, studied insects removed from ears by South African hospital physicians over a two year period.  Almost half of all insects removed from ears were cockroaches, followed by flies, beetles, moths, and a tick.  Cockroaches usually enter people's at night as they sleep.  More cockroaches were removed from the ears of children that adults.

     These findings are similar to a 1998 study in a Los Angeles hospital, which found that over 3/4 of all insects removed from ears at the hospital were cockroaches.


Termites: Arch Enemies of Wood

With proper care, the wood in your home can last centuries.  But termites, and their accomplice, decay fungle, can consume and destroy wood in a relatively short time.

     Wood may seem like an unappealing food, and it is for the vast majority of insects that are unable to digest wood cellulose and extract any nutrients from it.  But termites have overcome this problem and eat wood voraciously.  Living in their guts are certain tiny protozoa microorganisms that digest the tough wood cellulose for them.  This gives termites the unusual-and devastating for wood structures-ability to consume wood as food.  

     Once a termite colony finds a good supply of wood, it multiplies and grows until it destroys the structure strength of the wood-unless the termites are stopped.

     Only part of the damage done by termites is from what they eat.  Termites carry with them the spores of wood-decaying fungi, and these start growing in the termite tunnels.  The fungi get their nutrition from the wood, and as they grow and spread they often soften and weaken the wood even further.

     Our homes and other buildings, as well as fences, porches, and outdoor structures, are ideal for termites because they concentrate so much wood in a small area.  If these structures are not protected from termites, it's like offering them a free meal.

     That's why it's so important to have us professionally inspect your home and protect it from these wood-eating pests with voracious appetites.


file9621268591215 (1).jpg

The Smell of Odorous House Ants

Odorous house ants are a common household ant throughout most of the U.S.  They can easily be mistaken for other ants, except for their distinctive odor when crushed.  The odor is often described on the internet as rotten coconuts or just coconuts, but various websites describe the ants as smelling like blue cheese, rancid butter, cleaner spray, and other scents.

     So what do the ants really smell like?Recent tests were conducted that asked people to sniff and describe the ant's smell.  blue cheese was the most common scent chosen, with rotten coconuts the next most common choice. 

     Chemical analysis confirms that the odor is closest to the smell of blue cheese.  The distinctive scent of blue cheese is from Penicillium mold on it.  As coconuts start to rot, they too are colonized by Penicillium mold-which is why some people who are familiar with the scent of rotting coconuts identify that odor as how ants smell.

     Now you know what these ants really smell like, despite the variety of descriptions found on the internet!

Your Questions Answered

Q.  Why do mosquito bites itch?

A. When a mosquito punctures your skin in search of a blood meal, she (only female mosquitoes bite-they need blood before they can produce a batch of eggs) also inject some saliva.  The saliva contains several substances, including a very effective anticoagulant that prevents your blood from clotting while she sucks it up through a thin tube.

     The first time we are bitten, nothing happens.  But gradually our body becomes sensitized to the foreign proteins in the saliva and a small itchy red bump appears about 24 hours later.  After many more bites a pale, swollen hive or wheal appears minutes after the bite, in addition to the red bump 24 hours later.  With repeated bites, some people stop reacting, and others become increasingly allergic and develop even larger bumps.

     The bumps and itching are the result of our own immune system recognizing the saliva as a foreign substance and releasing histamine at the wound.  It's actually our own histamine that makes us itch, not the mosquitoe's saliva.



March/April 2017

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Fri, Mar 03, 2017 @ 01:36 PM

Those Busy Ants


Around the country, both native and new ant species are spreading and invading new areas. Many of these ants are new species from other parts of the world, and they are especially serious pests. Newer, spreading ants include various species of fire ants, crazy ants, trap jaw ants, white-footed ants, Argentine ants, and pharaoh ants, to name a few.

     Together with our native ant species, these ants have become the nation's #1 pest in terms of the number of people who call to have them controlled. Ant invasions are common and persistent.

     Ant colonies will be humming with activity in the months ahead. There is an abundance of food, and queen ants are laying eggs at their top capacity. At various times ants wander indoors, searching for food, moisture, or a better nesting site.  If they find what they are looking for, expect more ants to follow-often hundreds or thousands of ants within an hour of the discovery.

     Most people don't realize that honeydew is an important food for many ant species. Honeydew is especially abundant outside during the months ahead, and ant colonies grow in size rather quickly when honeydew and other food sources are plentiful. What is honeydew? It is a very sweet substance excreted by aphids and other plant sucking insects. Honeydew is so important to ants that some species actually tend and protect the aphids that produce it, much like cowboys care for a herd of cattle.

     Ants are persistent invaders that require professional treatments to keep them controlled. If you are having problems with ants, call us-we are the area ant experts. 


Termites Swarmers Coming!


It is estimated that over 2 million homes are damaged by termites every year. Unfortunately, most of these homeowners are completely unaware that a hoard of wood-destroying pests is silently eating the wood in their homes. One of the most common ways people first learn their home has termites is when they see winged termites, or their broken off wings.

     Winged termites, called "swarmers", are the males and females that start new colonies. These emerge and fly up into the air, often only for a few minutes, then land, lose their wings, pair up, and begin searching for places to start new colonies.

     Termites swarm at various times of the year, but many come out in the spring, often in the spring, often on a warm day after a rain. Hundreds of these pest often emerge from a single colony. They may all come out at once, or in batches over several days or weeks when the conditions are right.

     Swarmers are a good warning that termites are present, but it's not an early warning. A termite colony is generally four to five years old before it begins to produce its first swarmers. So if you see numbers of swarmers indoors, they are coming either from a colony that has been active for at least four years, or from an established colony that has moved into your home.

     Don't take chances if you see swarmers indoors-call us right away to schedule an inspection by a trained and certified professional. Termites are an invisible threat that you want to take care of properly, before they cause more damage.

Advice When Choosing a Kitchen Counter

Kitchen Counter.jpg

A study by the Hospitality Institute of Technology and Management showed that not all kitchen countertops are equal when it comes to how well they can be cleaned. In the study, each different surface was contaminated with nearly 2 billion E. coli bacteria, then the surfaces were washed and rinsed with soap and water, and finally with vinegar and water solution.

     The results demonstrated that stainless steel countertops are easiest to clean, with very few germs left after the simple cleaning procedure described above. More germs survive cleaning on surfaces like plastic laminate and wood surfaces, so stronger cleaning compounds are needed to sanitize these surfaces.


Stainless Steel-----------------------------------------85,000,000 to 1

Granite---------------------------------------------------79,000,000 to 1

Plastic laminate--------------------------------------------500,000 to 1

Tile------------------------------------------------------------300,000 to 1

Concrete------------------------------------------------------33,000 to 1

Wood------------------------------------------------------------2,000 to 1

     The study suggests that stainless steel is an excellent choice for a new residential or commercial food preparation counter.

(As a point of reference, after cleaning a stainless steel counter contaminated with 2 billion bacteria, there would only be 23 remaining. For a wood countertop, there would still be almost 1 million bacteria remaining after cleaning.)


Did You Know

     Pest carry disease organisms both on the inside and outside of their bodies. Pest like roaches and flies are known to carry an especially large variety of germs, some of which cause serious illness in humans. Pest contaminate kitchen countertops by simply walking across them, as well as by regurgitating food, and leaving droppings. This is one common way countertops become contaminated with bacteria, viruses, and parasites.


Migrating Birds Spread Ticks


Scientists have found that birds are an important way that ticks are carried to new areas, and that sometimes those ticks are carrying disease-causing organisms.

     In one study, 9 species of ticks were collected from 33 species of passerine birds (those are songbirds or perching birds).  Some birds migrate from as far away as South America, then redistribute the ticks as they fly throughout North America.

     In another study, researchers found that about 7% of the birds examined were carrying ticks.  Over half of these ticks were infected with microorganisms that cause disease in humans, including Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), and human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME).



Jan/February 2017

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Wed, Dec 28, 2016 @ 02:15 PM

Spring Pests Waiting to Emerge


Spring is just around the corner, so where are all of those pests that will start invading homes in just a few months?

     Pest have developed a number of clever ways to wait out cold conditions. Some, such as carpenter ants, actually produce an anti-freeze-glycerol-that allows them to survive at colder temperatures without their bodies freezing.

     Ants move deeper into the ground to escape colder temperatures. Many ant colonies move up and down in the soil daily throughout the year. They bring their ant larvae and pupae up to where the sun warms the top layer of the colony during the day, and then move them lower at night to keep them warmer. So it is an easy matter for ants to move a little deeper during cold winter months.

     Some pests hide in protected places and go into a state of diapause where their body functions slow way down, allowing them to survive until conditions are better again.

     For other pests, all the tender adults may die, and only a tougher life-stage survives. For instance, adult moths are easily killed by cold temperatures, but their eggs or pupae are much more weather-resistant and survive cold periods. These continue their development as soon as weather warms.

     Of course indoor pests like cockroaches, pantry pests, mice, and others continue to feed year-round in warm areas indoors. Before we know it, these pests, plus pests that wintered outdoors, will once again become more active and troublesome!

Termite Swarmers Coming!

It's estimated that over 2 million homes are damaged by termites every year. Unfortunately, most f these homeowners are completely unaware that a hoard of wood-destroying pests is silently eating the wood in their homes. one of the most common ways people first learn their home has termites, called "swarmers", are the males and females that start new colonies. These emerge and fly up into the air, often for only a few minutes, then land, lose their wings, pair up, and begin searching for places to start a new colonies.

     Termites swarm at various times of the year, but many come out in the early spring, often on a warm day after a rain. Hundreds of these pests often emerge from a single colony. They may all come out at once, or in batches over several days or weeks when the conditions are right.

     Swarmers are a good warning that termites are present, but it's not an early warning. A termite colony is generally four to five years old before it begins to produce its first swarmers. So if you see numbers of swarmers indoors, they are coming either from a colony that has been active for at least four years, or from an established colony that has moved into your home.

 Don't take a chance if you see swarmers indoors-call us right away to schedule an inspection by a trained and licensed professional. Termites are an invisible threat that you want to take care of properly, before they cause more damage.

Zika Update


The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recently warned that pregnant women should now avoid Brownsville, Texas, where local mosquitoes have infected five people with the spreading Zika virus. The virus can cause birth defects to a fetus when a women becomes infected during pregnancy.

     The Miami and South Beach area of Florida, where local mosquitoes had started infecting people with Zika starting last July, was declared free of locally-transmitted Zika in December by Governor Scott. This is a welcome development, just in time for the winter travel season! (In all, Florida has reported 249 locally transmitted cases of the virus.)

     People become infected by Zika when they are bitten by infected mosquitoes. Most people with Zika were infected while traveling to Central or South America where the virus has spread, but the virus could become established in parts of the U.S. Besides birth defects, the virus can cause rash, high fever, and other symptoms. Only 20% of people infected with the virus show symptoms.

     Recently it was discovered that the virus can be transmitted sexually. Because of this, people travel to areas where there is Zika, even if they show no symptoms of the disease, should abstain from sex or use safe measures for six months after returning.

     About 5,000 cases of Zika have been reported in the U.S.

Germs & Kitchen Sponges


When testing 500 wet dishcloths and towels from five cities, researchers at the University of Arizona found 2/3 contained bacteria that can make people sick!

     Remember, wash your dishcloths frequently and replace kitchen sponges often. Many people do not realize that they can wash sponges in the dishwasher-simply place them on the top rack, away from the heater coil. Or place them in the microwave for two minutes to eliminate harmful bacteria.

     When cleaning up juices from poultry and other meats, use paper towels so you are less likely to contaminate other foods.

New Study: Mice Are A major Cause of Allergies in Children


A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics found that children's asthma symptoms can be triggered by exposure to rodent allergens, especially in school.

     In the study, dust samples were taken at 37 inner-city schools in Northeast, and analyzed for allergens. Allergens from mice were found in almost every sample mice were found in almost every sample taken, and the levels of allergens were generally even higher than allergens levels in homes. The study also found that children who attended schools that had higher mouse allergen level also tended to have asthma symptoms, including decreased lung function, more often.

Other allergens were also detected in the schools, from cockroaches, rats, dust mites, and cat and dog dander, but at lower levels, and only mouse allergens level were linked to the severity of student's asthma symptoms.

     Asthma is a serious problem. Over 6 million children, or 15% of children in the U.S., have asthma, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control Prevention.

     Previously a lot of studies looked at allergen levels in homes, but since children spend so much time in school, exposure there is also important. Previous studies have found mouse allergens in 95% of the homes tested. This means that children are exposed to mouse allergens for part of the day in schools, and then continue to be exposed at home.

     Cleaning removes allergens, but not all of them. That is why it is so important to not allow pests like mice and cockroaches to become problems in the first place. Prevention is the key.



Nov/December 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Tue, Nov 01, 2016 @ 11:41 AM

2013-06-23 12.30.46.jpg

Safeguarding Children's Health

Whether it's our children at home or in schools and other public places, we all want to protect them from any threat to their health and well-being. Pests are one important threat to children, A wide variety of pests are involved, but listed below are the four top pest health threats to our children.

     1. COCKROACHES. This was a surprise threat no one was aware of until research showed roaches are a top cause of allergies among children.  The allergens are the proteins in the cast skins and excrement of the roaches.  The cockroaches' ability to transmit a vast array of other diseases in legendary, including food poisoning as they wander over food and food-preparation surfaces.

     2. RATS & MICE. These pests are another source if allergies in children. Rodents also transmit hantavirus and many other disease, can bite babies, contaminate food with their droppings, and carry fleas and ticks which then can bite children and transmit disease.

     3. STINGING INSECTS. Insects like wasps and yellowjackets are everywhere, and fire ants and Africanized honey bees are spreading in this country. One or several stings from any of these insects is usually painful but not life-threatening unless a child is highly allergic to them. But even children who aren't allergic are in danger if they wander too close to a hive and are attacked by large numbers of stinging insects.

     4. MOSQUITOES. Because these insects transmit everything from West Nile virus to Zika, these pests  are frequently in the news. West Nile is only one of many encephalitis-type diseases that mosquitoes can transmit. All cause a dangerous inflammation of the brain, and children are particularly vulnerable.


Puzzled About "Dry Rot"?

Many people are confused by the name dry rot, sometimes called wood rot. Contrary to what its name seems to imply, dry rot needs moisture. To understand why it is named dry rot, you need to know how it develops.

     Dry rot is caused by a fungus. The fungus gets its nutrition by consuming wood, which must be damp for the fungus to grow and multiply. How can a moisture-loving fungus thrive where wood is dry? It brings water to the wood! This amazing fungus grows water-conducting strands called rhizomorphs that carry moisture from damp soil and other moisture sources to dry wood. In that way the fungus keeps dampening new areas of wood, thus continually enlarging its food supply.

     After the fungus absorbs all the nutrition it can from the wood, leaving it crumbly and weak, it dies. With it dies its rhizomorphs, and gradually the wood dries out again. This is why the wood may be perfectly dry when damage is discovered.

     There is no way to reverse dry rot damage, but as soon as it is discovered and the source of the moisture is eliminated, the fungus stops destroying more wood and dies.

     This is a good example of how early detection and correction of moisture problems can greatly reduce huge future repair bills. Our regular professional inspections find dry rot and other developing wood-destroying fungal problems, as well as destructive termites and many other wood-damaging insect pests.


Can Spiders Hear You?

It has always been thought that because spiders don't have ears or eardrums, they can "hear" sounds only up to a couple inches away. A recent discovery with jumping spiders showed that these spiders actually have a much more acute sense of hearing that ever believed.

     Spiders have very sensitive  hairs on their legs that can feel vibrations. These hairs are so sensitive that they can feel the vibration that sounds make.

     Using a new technique, researchers were able to get in the spider's brain and see when neurons fire. The spiders were able to hear sounds up to 16 feet away.

     So, could spiders be overhearing our conversations?  Much still unknown about what spiders can and can't hear. The jumping spiders were most sensitive to sound frequencies that would enable them to hear the beating wings of certain kinds of wasps that parasitize them-the spiders would stop and remain motionless when they heard those sounds. Spiders may never have developed an ability to hear voices, or other sounds that do not immediately threaten them.

     These tests were done with jumping spiders. Other kinds of spiders are now being tested, to determine what they can and can't hear.


Mice Make Ultrasonic Sounds

Mice are able to make ultrasonic "songs" to attract mates as well as help them defend their territories. The sounds are high frequency whistles, and are completely inaudible to the human ear.

     Until now, it was not known how the mice were making these sounds. It turns out they are making the sounds in a way never seen before in any animal-they shoot air from the windpipe against the inner wall of their larynx. This causes a resonance and produces the ultrasonic "whistle".

     The only thing that has been known before to make these high frequency sounds is the engines of supersonic jets. It is possible that other animals, including bats, may be using the same mechanism.





Sept/Oct 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Thu, Sep 01, 2016 @ 09:35 AM


Pest Invade in Fall

Now and during the months ahead our weather starts a gradual change, causing changes in pest problems as well.  Some of the fall-invading pest in our are have already begun looking for food indoors, or a more protected place to spend the winter. Unfortunately, homes and other buildings are exactly what many of the fall invaders are looking for.

Some common fall invader:

     Rats and Mice are like a "pest from hell"- who wants them? These have been multiplying outdoors all season, and now are searching more aggressively for ways to get indoors.

Ladybugs, particularly the spreading multicolored Asian lady beetle can become a major invader. This insect was introduced to control crop pests, and then starting unexpectedly becoming and indoor pest. Some people are allergic to this beetle when it invades in large numbers.

Wasp and yellow jacket queens overwinter in protected places and start new colonies in the spring.

Ant colonies are huge this time of the year, and some species become constant invaders.

     Many kinds of crickets invade homes in the fall, sometimes in large numbers.

     Other common fall invaders include stink bugs, box elder bugs, cluster flies, clover mites, elm leaf beetles, root weevils, cockroaches, millipedes and centipedes.

It's during these months ahead that our professional pest management services are especially important to protect you and your pets, as well as your home and belongings, from pests that can cause either damage or can sting, bite or spread disease.


Termite Prevention is Wise


Termites are among the most damaging and costly of all pests. Their damage to structures now causes over five billion dollars a year in this country alone.

One reason termites can cause so much damage is that homeowners are often unaware for years that termites are eating their home. Most homeowners first see termites when they swarm, but a young colony doesn't send out swarmers until it is three to five years old. By the time swarmers are seen, termites may have caused substantial damage. Worse yet, an indoor colony often release swarmers outdoors, so the homeowner never sees them.

     How fast do termites work?  A typical mature colony of 240,000 subterranean termites (some colonies are much larger) consumes an average of about 20 grams of wood in a 24 hour period.  This converts to about 16 pounds of wood each year year per colony. You can be sure to wood was put there for a purpose, so removing it makes the structure weaker.

     Like a slow-spreading cancer, it's much better to catch the problem early. That's why it's important to have us either monitor for termites or do a regular, professional inspection to detect them and other wood-destroying pests, as part of a preventative maintenance program to secure and protect your home.

     Catching these pests sooner rather than later means you spend far less to control them.  In addition, catching them early means the wood-destroyers have done less damage, which can save you thousands of dollars in repair cost. Benjamin Franklin would agree this is an especially wise investment!

The Amazing Monarch


Monarch butterflies are starting their annual migration to various  warmer areas of the country, as well as the mountains of central Mexico.

     These amazing creatures migrate south in the fall, with some populations traveling as far as 4,580 miles. In the spring, it takes several generations of the butterflies to cover this distance. The butterflies mate and lay eggs along the way, with each new generation of adult butterflies continuing the journey north along the migratory route.

     How do they keep flying in the right direction?  It turns out that monarchs use two completely different navigation systems, depending on whether it is a sunny or cloudy day. When the sun is shining, monarchs navigate by the sun and use a time-compensated sun compass.

     Until recently, scientists were stumped about how monarchs navigate on cloudy days with no sun to navigate by. It turns out that monarchs use geomagnetic clues-they use a sophisticated magnetic inclination compass system, using the angle of the Earth's magnetic field to guide their movement. This is similar to that used by much larger-brained migratory vertebrates such as birds and sea turtles.

     But the new research shows that the navigation system monarchs use on cloudy days uses light as well as geomagnetic cues. Monarchs have special cells in their antenna that can detect ultraviolet light, and since that light penetrates clouds, it is a cue that they can use even on cloudy days.

     In effect, on cloudy days monarchs use a very sophisticated light dependent magnetic inclination compass. It turns out that these beautiful butterflies have a navigational system that is truly amazing!

Mouse Meningitis


When we think of diseases associated with mice, we generally think of Hantavirus, Salmonella, and other diseases. But as we enter the busy rodent season people need to be aware of another mouse-borne disease. Called "mouse meningitis" by some, its full name is lymphocytic choriomeningitis, or LCM for short. The virus that causes this disease is lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, or LCVM.

Like Hantavirus, people can get LCM when they are exposed to fresh urine, droppings, saliva, or nesting materials from infected mice. Only the common house mouse carries the virus (although pet hamsters can catch it from mice). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that about 5 percent of house mice in the U.S. catty LCVM virus. The virus occurs throughout the country. Once mice are infected, they remain infected for their entire life and can continue to infect people and other mice.

     Although mice never show any signs of the illness themselves, infected people start off with "flu-like symptoms", then the disease starts to have neurologic symtoms. Pregnant women who become infected with the virus can pass the virus along to their baby, who may suffer serious consequences, including mental retardation.



July/August 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Thu, Jun 30, 2016 @ 09:55 AM


Those Busy Ants

Around the country, problem ants, often originally from other countries, continue to invade new areas.

      Crazy ants, trap jaw ants, white footed ants, fire ants, Argentine ants, and Pharaoh ants are just a few of the many ants species that are gradually spreading. These and other prolific ant species are one of the reasons ants have become our nations #1 pest. Because unprotected homes experience repeated and persistent ant invasions each year, new clients call more often to control invading ants that any other pest.

     Ant colonies are humming with activity at this time of year! There is an abundance of food, and colonies are growing in numbers, with queen ants laying dozens of eggs day in and out. At various times ants wander indoors, searching for food, moisture, or a better nesting site. If they find what they are looking for, expect more ants to follow-often hundreds or even thousands of ants within an hour of the original discovery.

     Outdoors, an abundant food eaten by many kinds of ants is honeydew. What is honeydew? It is a sugary substance excreted by aphids, white flies, and many other plant-sucking insects. Ants love honeydew so much that some species actually tend and protect the aphids and other pest that produce it, and will even carry aphids to new plants.

     Ants are pests that almost continually try to invade homes, and require professional treatments to keep them out. If you or someone you know is having problems with ants, call us-we are the area ant experts!




Are You Feeding Termites?

No one knowingly hangs a sign on their door saying "Termites Welcome Here" But unfortunately most homes have one or more conditions that practically beg any termite in the area to invade.

     On of those "welcome signs" for termites is excess moisture in the structure, a condition that attracts termites and many other wood destroying pests. This is a common problem-one study found that an amazing 88% of all homes have one or more moisture problems!  Some common moisture problems found are: Improperly drained downspouts and air conditioners, leaks in the roof or gutters, poor drainage around the foundation, and sprinklers spraying water onto the side of homes. Fix these today-don't invite termites to move in and eat your home!

     Here are some more important steps to take to discourage home-destroying pests:

  • Remove pieces of wood, as well as dead roots and cardboard buried or laying on top of the soil. Also remove tree stumps.

  • Make sure no wood in is in direct contact with the soil. Termites often invade wooden fences, trellises, and flower planters that are touching soil, and then use these as hidden highways to enter your home.

  • Do not allow shrubs or vines to block any air vents.

  • Finally, be sure to have us professionally inspect all potential termite problem areas on a regular basis (if we are not already doing this for you), and treat if needed to prevent or stop and infestations. We often save our customers thousands of dollars by either preventing or stopping early an infestation of wood-destroying pests.


Choosing Outdoor Lighting

All year, but especially during the summer, outdoor lights attract millions of flying and crawling pests, as well as spiders, ants and other pests that come to feast on whatever the lights draw in. A recent study compared outdoor residential lights in Virginia and found that some bulb types attracted far more pest than other bulbs. The standard incandescent bulb attracted the most pests, followed by CFL, halogen, cool color LED and an incandescent yellow "bug" light. The warm color LED bulb attracted the fewest pests of all the bulbs, so this would be a good choice for outdoor lighting. (a warm color LED was higher Kelvin rating than a cool color LED).

     Up until now the yellow "bug" light has been the recommended choice for outdoor lighting situations, but many people don't like the yellow color of the light. This study also found another disadvantage of the yellow "bug" lights-they attracted more earwigs ("pincer bugs") than all the other light bulbs, and more true bugs (such as stink bugs) than warm LED bulb.


Roach Infested Apartment EXPLODES!

A cockroach-infested apartment exploded recently in New Jersey. It happened when the occupant, who was untrained and was using a household insecticide to try to kill cockroaches, began to experience a headache and opened a window. According to the firemen who responded, the explosion happened when the build up of trapped indoor fumes, combined with the additional oxygen from outside, was ignited by the stove pilot light.

     The two adults and toddler that lived in the apartment were taken to a hospital and unfortunately had no home to return to. But ironically the firemen who were called to the scene could still see live cockroaches crawling about!

     Folks, this kind of damage happens all the time. please leave pest control to trained professionals; this never happens with the products we use and the safety precautions we employ.

May/June 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Mon, May 02, 2016 @ 01:43 PM

Spider Alert!


This year we'll most likely see an abundance of spiders.  You might even see more kinds you've never seen before!  That's because whenever insects become abundant (and the weather this year has been perfect for insects to increase), the spiders that feed on them also multiply.

     Here's the good news.  Most spiders are not dangerous.  In fact, most can't even pierce our skin with their mouthparts, Even the most tender-skinned person among us has skin that is just too tough and thick for spiders. Fortunately, too spiders generally try to avoid us, and the venom of most spiders isn't strong enough to harm huge giants like us.

     However, some spiders can deliver a nasty bite. Of the over 3,000 species of spiders in the United States, about 50 of them are able to bite us. Of these, black widows (and some of their relatives) and brown recluse spiders are medically the most well-know, and have the most powerful venom. More good news, these spiders are not in California.  However, there has been a lot of research published recently that is showing that many reported "spider bites" are actually the bites or stings of other pests like fleas, mosquitoes, ticks, and biting flies, as well as bacterial infections, etc.

     Remember to never pick up a spider with an unprotected hand. Reduce clutter around your home. Properly light entryways so that you don't attract insects and spiders to these areas. Because spiders reinfest, regular professional treatments are needed to keep them controlled and prevent them from building their messy webbing.


Preventing Termites Saves Money

Termites are among the most damaging and costly of all insect pest. Each year termites cause over 5 billion dollars of damage to structures in the United States.

     Why so costly?  Partly because termites do their destructive work deep inside a home, hidden from view, so homeowners are completely unaware their home is infested.  Sometimes they see the winged termites (swarmers) that start new colonies, but it typically takes a new colony three to five years to start producing swarmers.  By the time the colony has spread and already may have caused substantial damage,  In many cases homeowner never even notices the swarmers, either because there aren't a lot of them, or because they are exiting the colony from somewhere outdoors rather than inside the home.

     How fast do termites work? A typical mature colony of subterranean termites has 240,000 termites.  This number of termites consumes about 20 grams of wood in a 24 hour period which equates to about 16 pounds of wood eaten in a year. As you can imagine, removing this amount of wood each year greatly weakens a structure.

     Termites are like a slow-spreading, hidden cancer.  It's much better to catch the problem early, and control it then.  That's why it's so important to have us do monitoring or regular inspections to detect these and other wood-destroying pests.  Consider this an important cornerstone of preventative maintenance to protect your investment in your home. 

     Catching these pest early means you spend less to control them and repair damage, often saving you thousands of dollars.


Bed Mattresses Can Spread Bed Bugs

     Most people would never pick up a discarded mattress they saw on a sidewalk. These mattresses are not on the clean, but increasingly they are also infested with bedbugs.

     But what about "renovated", "reconditioned", or "refurbished" mattresses?  There are state laws that require companies that process these mattresses to sanitize them, but has been found that bed bugs are not adequately controlled by some companies.  Think twice about buying these mattresses, and look for the white tag that is placed on new mattresses, not the yellow or red tag on second hand mattresses.

     If you know anyone who is discarding a mattress infested with bed bugs, be sure to tell them to slit it open, bag it, label it "Bed Bugs", and dispose of it properly, so that hopefully no one will re-use it.


Car Burns Because of Bed Bugs

     A Long Island, New York, man who saw bed bugs in his car was told by a friend that rubbing alcohol kills the bugs, so he proceeded to dump the flammable liquid all over the car's interior.   Then he decided to sit in the car, relax, and light a cigarette!  The resulting flames engulfed the car plus two cars parked nearby.  The man suffered second degree burns as he escaped out of the car, and a helicopter rushed him to the hospital.

     The car was so badly burned that detectives could not read the VIN number or the license plate.

      Friends, alcohol in any form does not do a good job of controlling insects.  Not only is it a danger because it is highly flammable, but in a recent published test it only killed about half the bugs.  It's best to contact a professional that deals with these pest. 


Where you are Stung Matters

Researcher Michael Smith allowed himself to be stung at 25 different places of his body by honey bees, and discovered that where you are stung determines how painful the sting is.  The three least painful locations were the skull, middle toe tip, and upper arm, all scoring 2.3 pain rating on a 1-10 scale. Some of the most painful places to be stung were the penis and upper lip, scoring 7.3 and 8.7, respectively.   The nostril was the most painful place to be stung, scoring 9 out of 10.

     This is a dedicated researcher!  Sounds like a very painful research.  Best not to get stung at all.




Newsletter Mar/Apr 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Fri, Mar 04, 2016 @ 10:10 AM


Here Come The Pests!

Pests have been less active outdoors, but that always changes as the weather starts to warm in the spring. As pests wander about outdoors searching for food, water, shelter, mates, and places to lay eggs, many will find their way into homes. They don't care that you haven't invited them in!  For these pests, even the smallest cracks and crevices are like a big, inviting "bug doorway" for them.

     Fortunately, our professionally applied perimeter treatments help prevent pests from invading your home. These treatments are applied around the foundation of your home and in other key areas. Perimeter treatments are especially effective at stopping crawling pest from invading your home-halting many pest problems before they begin. Our perimeter treatments stop invasions of pests like ants, crickets, centipedes, and many, many others.

    Keeping pests out is important not only because they can be a major annoyance, and are embarrassing. Invading pests can also leave odors and stains, droppings and dead insect bodies, and webbing, plus contaminate human and pet food. Some can cause allergies or bite and sting. In fact every year in this country a half million people are rushed to the hospital emergency room because of stings by bees, wasp, ants, spiders, and scorpions.

     Yes, you can be sure pests will return! But our expert perimeter treatments are just one of the many tools we have in our arsenal to help our customers enjoy a more enjoyable life with fewer pests and pest-related problems.


Watch for Termite Swarmers!

One way homeowners discover they have termites is when they see winged reproductive termites, called swarmers. During swarming season, hundred of termites with wings will make a mass exodus out of a colony and take to the air. Usually this happens after a rain as the temperatures begin to warm and the days lengthen, but it can happen at other times as well.

     Once these termites emerge from their nest, they quickly begin flying, and any wind will spread them even further. They quickly pair up, pry off their wings, and retreat to a cozy dark place where they mate and start a new colony. Swarmers that emerge indoors are attracted to bright lights and are often found around windows and lights. Finding termites or their wings indoors is almost always a sign that the house is infested and being attacked by these wood-destroyers.

     Termites in periods of low rainfall are less likely to swarm. At those times they often do deeper into the ground, waiting for more favorable conditions. Also, only mature colonies produce swarmers. So termites may be eating your home even if you don't see swarmers or other signs of termites.  A professional inspection is the best way to determine if your home is infested with termites.

     Call us if you haven't had a recent inspection for wood-destroying pests, or if you find swarmers or other signs of termites, and will schedule an inspection.  Finding infestations early and eliminating them before they cause major damage can easily save you hundreds, and sometimes many thousands of dollars.

El Niño Affects Pests

The El Niño weather patterns we are experiencing now mean different things for different parts of the country, but much of the country will probably be either or both wetter and warmer than normal. Many people are asking what that will mean for pest populations this year.

     That is difficult to know at this point, but we can look at the 1997-1998 season, which was also a very strong El Niño year like this one. There was a glut of pests that year-much HIGHER numbers of everything, including mosquitoes,

Soy-Based Wiring Attracts Rodents

Many car companies are experiencing problems because they replaced metal or plastic parts with a bio-degradable product. Unfortunately, these are sometimes food based products that pests love to eat. The latest case is Honda, who in their quest to "go green," used a soy-based biodegradable wire coating on some of their engine wiring rather than a plastic coating. Apparently the soy-based coating is quite tasty to hungry mice, rabbits, and squirrels.  They will chew on it and cause the engine to malfunction.

     One man claims he had to take his 2012 Honda Accord in twice to have the wiring fixed because of gnawing rodents, and there are many other cases of this happening. We get many calls from our clients that have stored vehicles that have been infested with rats in their engine compartment, with severe damage.

     Soy used in vehicles has caused some funny problems in the past. In the mid 40's license plates in some states were made from compressed soy beans and fiberboard, as a way to save on using metal during the ear. But they soon found that goats and cows were attracted to the vehicles, and would chew off entire license plates!



Tags: Termites, ants, swarms

Jan/Feb 2016

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Mon, Jan 04, 2016 @ 11:33 AM

Pests Survive Adverse Weather


In this El Nino year where weather around the country won't be typical, the question arises, "How will this affect household pest?" A common myth is that floods or unusually cold weather eliminates household pest outdoors. But we have seen in the past, that pest populations are surprisingly resilient. Once the weather warms up, the surviving pests are ready to start invading again, sometimes with an apparent vengeance!

     Floods force many pests to flee and spread out to new areas. The decaying organic material that floods leave behind also provides food for population explosions of pests like flies, rodents, and roaches. Mosquitoes also increase after rains and floods.

     Rats and cockroaches are two pests that simply head to higher ground when flooding begins. Apparently they are able to detect the quick drop in barometric pressure which signals sudden downpours-weather records sometimes show they flee to higher grounds just before flooding actually starts.

     It was once thought that flooding would eradicate termite colonies. But it turns out that termites don't easily drown-they are able to shut down their body processes to reduce oxygen consumption. These are amazing weather survivors!

     Not all pest can survive unusual cold spells, but some do it with ease. They may burrow into the ground where it is warmer. Many pests, including carpenter ants, survive because their bodies actually produce glycerol, a very effective antifreeze.

     Once again, "primitive" insects and rodents are not only equipped to survive, they actually thrive in adverse conditions.

Termites Swarming Time


If you've ever seen termites swarmers pouring out of the ground or out of holes in wood, you've witnesses the single most significant annual event in a termite colony. Each colony sends out many hundreds of winged termites. These become the future kings and queens of new colonies.

     Most swarming occurs in the spring (often on a warm sunny day after a rain), although some can occur during fall and at other times of the year as well. Colonies infesting heated homes often are the earliest to send out swarmers.

     Unfortunately, if you find many swarmers indoors, or coming out of areas next to your foundation, it is usually a sign that the structure in infested with damaging termites. It is also a sign that the colony is a larger, more mature colony, because a termite colony usually doesn't send out winged termites until it is four or five years old. As colonies mature, they gradually send out more swarmers.

     If you find swarmers inside or next to your home, call us right away so we can schedule a professional inspection. We'll determine if the pests are termites or swarming ants (which are easily mistaken for termites) and we'll help you select the best and most cost-effective control strategy for your particular pest situation.

Yes! It's OK to S-c-r-e-e-a-m!


As a dinner guest, have you ever been in the awkward position of spotting a spider, cockroach, or other pest on or near the dinner table? Perhaps in years past, in some situations, the polite thing would have been to ignore it.

     Thank goodness proper etiquette no longer requires us to pretend we don't see it! According to a book titled "Miss Manners," by Judith Martin, you can now shriek loudly, if you so desire.

     We must add that proper social etiquette (and friendship) would require you to go one step further-help your host solve their problem and avoid any future embarrassment with pests by recommending our services. We'll take care of their problem, and chances are they'll be so glad you told them about us that you will be invited back again real soon-to a bug free home!

Keep Your Garage Pet-Safe


Garages are common storage areas for pesticides, fertilizers, cleaning agents, and other chemicals. Using our professional services reduces or eliminates the need for many of these products. But there is one common item people often aren't aware of that can be deadly if ingested.

     The common antifreeze, ethlene glycol, tastes and smells sweet to pets (as well as children), but is deadly if they lap it up. A single teaspoon of regular antifreeze can kill a cat. Clean up any spills immediately, or buy "safe" antifreeze (propylene glycol), which is non-toxic for pests and wildlife.

     Keep antifreeze and all cleaners, insecticides, etc., in a closed cabinet where curios pets can't get to them and tip them over.

Moths That Drink Blood?


In nature there are many kinds of organisms that drink blood-mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, some flies and gnats, some other insects, leaches, and vampire bats. But vampire moths? It's true-there is a group of moths in the genus Calyptra that are known as vampire moths because they are capable of drinking blood.

     Vampire moths normally pierce fruit to suck the juice, but they will also drink blood from humans. Vampire moths can pierce even the tough hides of animals like elephants and buffaloes, so our skin is easy for them to penetrate. Interestingly, only the males drink blood. They have been recorded to continue sucking blood for almost an hour if left undisturbed! Plus, the place where they bite becomes red and sore.

     Fortunately, these moths are not found in the Americas, but in parts of Europe and other areas of the world. There is one species of vampire moth here in North America, but unlike it's cousins, it apparently does not feed on blood. That's one less pest to be concerned about!

Electric Mosquito Swatter Causes House Fire


 In the Philippines, a person swatted a mosquito with one of those electric insect swatters, killing the insects. Unfortunately, the dead mosquito fell on and ignited some firework rocket fuses that were going to be used for the holidays, setting them on fire. The resulting fire completely burned the house to the ground and injured two of the residents.

     These electric insect swatters, avaiable widely in hardware and other stores, have an electrically-charged grid that zaps and kills insects. However, the dead, sometimes still-smoldering insects present a fire hazard people need to be aware of.

Tags: Swarming termites, pesticide

Newsletter Nov/Dec 2015

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Tue, Nov 03, 2015 @ 10:42 AM

Don't Let Pests Spoil Your Holidays!

Holidays are typically a busy time filled with wonderful treats and indoor gatherings. Our warm indoor environments become beacons to many pest. Nothing spoils a good time like finding uninvited creepy crawlies flying or scurrying about. Fortunately our ongoing professional pest services reduce the likelihood of pest attacks. There are also a few things you can do to help.

     Stored Food attracts many pests, including flour beetles and moths. Bags and boxes that are old, or opened and lefty to sit, are especially prone to infestation. Rotate your food so that older containers are consumed first. Don't be tempted to buy large containers of food that are going to sit around for a long time. Be sure to seal well all containers that have been opened, or place the contents in plastic or glass containers.

     Insects live in fresh Christmas trees, including aphids, spiders, beetles, and various other pests. These pests may have been inactive on the tree, but once they are brought into a warm room, they will start crawling or flying about. Spraying the tree with a strong jet of water before you bring it indoors is a good way of dislodging pests living there.

     Before you bring in firewood indoors, look it over to make sure pests aren't hiding in it. Like pests in Christmas trees, they'll become active when brought indoors. Shake or sweep them off outside.

     Finally, keep a clean kitchen and dispose of kitchen garbage regularly to avoid attracting ants, cockroaches, and other hungry pests.


Termite Misconceptions

     Too often we humans ignore dangers around us, and end up suffering costly consequences. We often do that with termites.

     People often don't realize just how destructive termites are-they cause over five billion dollars of damage every year in this country. A mature colony of some kinds of termites contain as many as several million of these wood-destroyers-an incredible number of mouths to feed!

     Without realizing it, people inadvertently help these expensive pests when they build structures that concentrate wood (wood is like steak to termites) where termites can easily get to it. It is a mistake to think concrete stops them, it only slows them down. Concrete foundations develop cracks, some of which are hidden, and concrete has holes in it where pipes and electrical wires enter the home. Sooner or later termites find these gaps and cause damage, unless the home is being protected with our treatments.

     People also do many things that actually increase the ability of termites to enter a structure. They let plants grow too close to the foundation, and the roots eventually crack the concrete. They let wood stay in contact with the ground, giving termites direct access to their food. And they do many other things that encourage termites to move in, like allowing moisture problems to continue, and leaving formboards, firewood, or other wood laying on the ground.

     Don't assume your home is termite-free. Call us if you have not had your home professionally inspected recently. This is the wisest defense against these aggressive and destructive pests.

Little Fire Ants

     Among ants, here is an especially serious one that has been spreading. The little fire ant is on the list of the world's top 100 nastiest invasive pest species. It is in southern Florida, has been spreading in Hawaii, at times has battled in California and Texas, and is on world-wide watch list.

     This ant is smaller than the red imported fire ant, but it has a really painful bite, and can cause an extremely itchy rash. The bite is so painful relative to the size of the ant, that some people call it the electric ant.

     One of the nastiest things about these ants is that they like spending time up in trees, and when the wind blows, the ants are blown down-often onto people or animals, which the ants then sting. They have been known to sting the eyes of pets, causing them to go blind. In some areas the problem has become so serious that crops can't be harvested. And they become so numerous and eat as many insects and small creatures, good and bad, that these little ants can change an entire ecosystem.

How Effective is Pressure-Treated Wood?

     Pressure-treated wood is wood that has had a chemical preservative forced into it, to help prevent it from being destroyed by wood-eating pests and decay fungi. Pressure-treated should be used whenever wood touches soil, or is close to soil.

     The problem is that over a period of 7-10 years the chemical slowly leaches out of the wood. The outer inch or so of the wood might still be protected, but the inner wood might not be. If there are drill holes or cracks in the wood, or if the wood was cut,it often exposes unprotected wood in the center to pests and fungus decay.

     Therefore, whether wood is pressure-treated or not, if it is in direct contact with soil, it will eventually rot and become susceptible to attack by termites and carpenter ants. In the long run, it is best to never let wood touch soil. Consider pressure treated wood to be "termite-resistant", not "termite proof."

Man Starts Dangerous Fire

A man at a gas station spotted a spider on his car gas filler lid and tried to kill it by lighting his cigarette lighter. Of course a blaze erupted almost instantly. The fire burned part of his car and completely destroyed the gas station pump before he was able to douse it with a fire extinguisher. The man was very fortunate to escape serious injury.

     The entire episode was caught on the station's video surveillance camera.

     Notable lesson: Don't let the fear of spiders result in dangerous reactions. Burning them is never recommended, especially around flammable gas!

Cockroaches to the Rescue?

     After an earthquake or other disaster, accurately and quickly locating people trapped in rubble can save lives. While specially trained dogs have been invaluable to locate trapped people in many situations, a small cockroach can go places that a dog can't.

     Researchers are getting closer to being able to accomplish this. A cockroach can be fitted with a GPS locator beacon, plus a tiny camera can also be attached. Cockroaches are steered remotely by an electric pulse transmitted to their antenna. This is surprisingly effective-the pulse fools cockroaches into "thinking" they have hit an obstacle, allowing a handler to steer them in the direction he wants them to go.

     Specially fitted and controlled cockroaches and other creatures are called "biobots", short for "biological robots, " and they may someday soon be frequently used to help save lives.