7 Interesting and Helpful Facts About Silverfish

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Thu, Nov 15, 2018 @ 07:19 AM

7 Interesting and Helpful Facts About Silverfish

jarsWhat is that creepy-looking metallic gray bug with a bunch of antennae and legs, and why is it shimmying up the wall? It's most likely a silverfish, so named because of its silvery sheen and its rapid movements, which resemble the undulations of a swimming fish. Here are seven more interesting facts about silverfish.


  1. Silverfish Are Old-School Bugs

The first ancestors of silverfish are some of the most primitive insects known to science. Silverfish evolved no later than the mid-Devonian period, over 350 million years ago.

Silverfish —along with bugs like jumping bristletails — developed before winged insects. None of the 600 species of silverfish have wings to this day.


  1. Silverfish Never Really Grow Up

Silverfish never reach a defined adult form, which is another trait of primitive bugs. The insects can reproduce by the time they shed their skin, or molt, nine times, so they definitely have mature bug capabilities.

However, silverfish will molt throughout their lives and never develop a permanent exoskeleton. Since silverfish live for two to eight years, that adds up to as many as 50 molts throughout their lives. Young silverfish appear whitish, while subsequent molts reveal the silvery sheen that gives the bugs their name.


  1. Silverfish Eat Paste                                      

Silverfish are not picky eaters. They adore the dextrin and starches found in glue and dried wallpaper paste.

Other foods enjoyed by silverfish include:

  • Coffee
  • Hair
  • Cereal boxes and cereal
  • Dandruff and dead skin
  • Plaster
  • Sugar, rice, pasta, and flour
  • Linen and cotton

Often, the first sign of a silverfish infestation is holes and yellow stains in books and on paper products. Silverfish will even chew on photographs.

Thankfully, silverfish don't chew on humans or pets. They aren't biters and aren't known to carry diseases. Silverfish do have an amazing ability to live up to a year without food, as long as water is available.


  1. Silverfish Love to Come Out at Night

Household varieties of silverfish are nocturnal creatures. You may find holes in your favorite novels and suspect a silverfish invasion yet never see a single silverfish. The bugs are adept at hiding from view in damp, dark spaces around your home.

Hunt for a silverfish infestation in or under:

  • Sinks
  • Cabinets
  • Closets
  • Bathrooms and kitchens
  • Wall cracks and crevices
  • Boxes and bags

An additional sign of a silverfish infestation is their tiny droppings, which look like small black pepper flakes. You may also find exoskeletons that the silverfish have shed near their living spaces. The exoskeletons are transparent after being shed.


  1. Silverfish Engage in Ritual Reproduction

Silverfish don't reproduce via internal fertilization as many other insects do. Instead, the male and female perform an intricate mating ritual to produce their offspring externally. Their reproductive routine can last up to half an hour.

First, the silverfish couple face each other and touch their antennae together. Their antennae tremble and quiver as they back away from each other and then return to touching one another. Eventually, the male takes off and the female pursues him.

Once the female catches the male, the pair stand beside each other head to tail as the male's tail vibrates against the female. He finally lays a capsule of sperm called a spermatophore. The female sits on the capsule and takes the spermatophore up into her ovipositor to fertilize her eggs.


  1. Silverfish Are Relatively Easy to Eradicate

You can get rid of silverfish by performing the same housekeeping tasks used to eradicate other bugs. Keep your home clean and clutter-free. Seal up food containers. Store grains and cereals in jars with lids.

You should also:

  • Remove damp areas from your home.
  • Seal up cracks and crevices inside and out.
  • Keep pet food sealed in containers.
  • Use lavender or cedar in linen storage.
  • Repair damp or peeling wallpaper.
  • Avoid storing books and clothes in cardboard.

Periodically deep clean your cabinets and bookshelves. Spilled noodles and oatmeal attract silverfish, so promptly clean up spills and crumbs to remove these tempting silverfish meals. Do the same deep clean of your bookshelves every month or so. Remove books, dust the shelves, and inspect materials for signs of infestation.


  1. Silverfish Are Managed With Professional Pest Control

Your pest control professional has a variety of methods to remove silverfish from your home. The techs may use a variety of pesticides, pest deterrents, and traps to repel, catch, and kill the silverfish invading your home.

The precise pest-control measures used in your home will be based on your preferences and the presence of children and pets in the home. Bait traps and some applied chemical pesticides are best used in areas where no kids or pets have access.

Materials including boric acid, diatomaceous earth, and pyrethrin-based pesticides are all used to combat silverfish infestations. To learn more about ridding your home of silverfish in Los Angeles, California, contact Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc., today.

Tags: pest control food safety, indoor pest

Could a Pest Infestation Leave You Short of Breath?

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Mon, Oct 15, 2018 @ 01:10 PM



People who suffer from outdoor allergies and asthma need to have a home that's a sanctuary from the allergens that can cause discomfort and shortness of breath.

Unfortunately, allergens can sometimes find their way inside the home, which can make the house feel like less of a respite and more of a trap. What you may not know is that if you're experiencing outdoor allergy symptoms inside the home, you might have a pest problem.

Learn about three pests you might be allergic to and what signs you should look out for.


You don’t want cockroaches inside your home for a number of reasons. They're ugly to look at, and they can carry germs and contaminate food, just to name a few. However, they may be responsible for even more serious problems in allergy and asthma sufferers.

Cockroaches produce allergens that are similar to those produced by dust mites. These allergens can be found in cockroach feces as well as in body parts. When the allergens become airborne, you can breathe them in, resulting in symptoms like a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, and difficulty breathing. Some evidence suggests that exposure to cockroach allergens could cause asthma in preschoolers.

Cockroach allergens become airborne when they're disturbed, such as when you dust or vacuum an area where they've collected. Allergens can also settle into bedding and pillows, which means that you may breathe them in while you're sleeping.

Cockroaches are good at hiding, so if you see one or two around the house, that's a pretty good indication that there are more hiding in the nooks and crannies of your home. You may also find cockroach droppings that resemble coffee grounds or black pepper. If you notice these signs along with increased difficulty breathing or other allergy symptoms, contact an exterminator.


When it comes to ants, you probably worry more about being bitten than about potential breathing problems. Some ants have a powerful sting, and some people may have allergic reactions to being bitten by ants. However, you can also have an allergic reaction even to ants that don't bite.

Pharaoh ants are small yellow ants that can be found almost anywhere in the country. These ants do not bite, but they do find their way into many homes. They can often be found in bathrooms or kitchens because these rooms are where they're most likely to find food and water.

Research studies discovered that pharaoh ants could trigger breathing problems in some patients. Two middle-aged asthma patients reported breathing problems, but their homes didn't contain any other obvious causes of breathing problems, such as mold or pet dander.

Both patients believed that the ants were to blame for their breathing difficulties. After grinding up ants to make ant extracts, researchers tested the patients for allergic responses to the extracts and found that the patients were correct — their respiratory problems were an allergic reaction to the ants.

Note that not all asthma patients exhibited the same sensitivity when tested. However, the results from these two patients show that pharaoh ants can cause worsening asthma symptoms in some patients, so you might consider exploring this possibility if you have increased asthma symptoms and notice ants inside your home.


Rats are another type of common house pest that could be responsible for breathing problems in the home. People who suffer from rat allergies are generally allergic to either the rat's urine, the rat's saliva, or dead skin cells from the rat's body, otherwise known as dander.

Allergic reactions to rats can include skin rashes, itching skin or eyes, coughing, and a runny nose in addition to breathing problems. Even if you don't see rats, they can leave allergens in many parts of the house.

Rats groom themselves using saliva, which means that rat hair can be allergenic. Rats also have a tendency to track urine through the home with their feet, which means that rat urine can wind up anywhere, not just in the area where the rats hide.

Rats can hide inside walls, in attics and basements, and in garages, to name a few places. Signs of a rat infestation include droppings that look like large grains of rice, smudge marks from grease or dirt on their bodies, and scratching noises, especially at night. If you notice these signs in conjunction with increased allergy symptoms, you may have a rat allergy.

The best way to protect your health and is to keep pests out of your home to begin with. For people who already suffer from asthma or allergies, pest prevention can be especially important.

To investigate a possible infestation or for preventative services that will keep your home pest-free and allow you to breathe more easily, contact Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc. We can make your home a sanctuary once more.

Do You Have Rats in Your Home? FAQs for Homeowners

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Thu, Sep 13, 2018 @ 01:26 PM

Rats can be a big problem for homeowners. Rats can spread diseases, cause destruction to property, and create more pest problems down the road. Many homeowners don't even know the signs that they have rats. This guide answers some common questions about rats, and it can help homeowners who want information about rats and how they can prevent this pest on their property.


What Are the Signs You Have Rats in Your Home?

If you have rats in your home, then you may notice these signs of an infestation. 

Rub Marks on Walls

Rats are known to have dirty bodies and poor eyesight. When traveling from one location to another, they travel known routes and stay close to the walls. The result is dirt or grime on the walls in the location where they frequently walk. 


Rats are like mice in that they drop feces everywhere they go. Feces can be found along their favorite routes and near the walls. In locations where rats spend a lot of time, feces may be found in small piles. Rat feces do not smell, but rat urine may smell like ammonia. Rat feces are approximately half an inch long and are shaped like grains of rice. This is larger than mouse poop, which is approximately a quarter of an inch long.


Rats can chew through surfaces as strong as wood and plastic and may have chewed their way into your home. Rats can also squeeze through small cracks so watch for those as well. 

Scratching Sounds

Rats make noises in the house as they chew through walls, eat food, and interact with one another. For example, if you have rats, then scratching noises can be heard in the walls and in the attic.

Of course, rats aren't the only animal that makes noises in the walls. Homeowners who hear scratching noises in their walls may also have mice, squirrels, or other small animals. A good pest control company can help the homeowner decide what type of animal is making the noise.


What's the Difference Between Rats and Mice?

Rats are longer, heavier, and they grow more slowly than mice. When the given the chance, many rats will kill mice. In addition, mice and rats tend not to occupy the same spaces. Mice focus on eating grains while rats like to eat garbage.  


Are Rats Dangerous?

Usually, rats are not inclined to bite people unless they feel threatened. However, rats can be dangerous because they can spread diseases such as the plague and rat bite fever. Rats can also be a fire hazard in homes they inhabit because they can chew through wires and create a fire hazard. 


How Can You Get Rid of the Rats in Your Home?

Getting rid of rats is not easy. Once they're living in a space, rats can be very loyal to their home. Once rats move in they need to be exterminated. 

Working with a professional pest control service is one of the best ways to get rid of rats. A good pest control service can use a combination of traps and other natural means to get rid of rats.

You should also remove food and water sources to make your home inhospitable — some ways to accomplish this include:

  • Fix any leaks in the house.
  • Put a lid on all interior and exterior garbage cans.
  • Take out the trash as soon as it’s full. 
  • Put any food in the pantry into glass containers.

Following these tips can help get rid of rats, but usually eliminating a rat population takes time. 


Can You Trap Rats Without Help From a Pest Control Service?

While you may be able to trap rats without help from a professional, a professional pest control person will know where to look for rats, what type of traps to use, and how to use them safely. Their knowledge will help the extermination go faster and smoother.


How Can You Prevent the Rats From Returning?

Once rats are gone, you should do a few things to prevent them from returning. Cleaning up every night after every meal can help make the home a less attractive environment to rats. Sealing up any holes that lead inside the house can also help. Usually, it is best to seal these holes with steel wool, which rats cannot chew through. 

Finally, many homeowners find that it helps to work with a pest control company for regular treatments, even after the rats are gone. Pest control companies can put traps around the home's exterior to control the rat population around the house. This makes it easier to prevent a rat infestation inside the house. 

If you have any other questions about rats and would like to know more about how to prevent and control their population, then contact us at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc. We're happy to answer your questions. 


Africanized Bees: Frequently Asked Questions

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Mon, Aug 06, 2018 @ 12:51 PM

An Africanized honeybee on a flower

Africanized killer honeybees are slowly moving further into the United States, including the Los Angeles area. A hybrid of European honeybees and a species of African bees, this aggressive pest will quickly populate your backyard, and if threatened, they will go after your family and pets.

If you or your neighbors start to notice Africanized bees in their yards, educate yourself about these bees to protect your family. Here are the answers to a few frequently asked questions about Africanized bees.

Why Were Africanized Honeybees Created?

The story of the killer bee began in Brazil in the 1950s. Scientists combined the genetics of a docile European honeybee with a more aggressive African bee. The goal was to create a hybrid that would produce more honey than the European honeybee without being overly aggressive. Unfortunately, the final product was a new species that did not produce more honey and was highly defensive of their colony.

Thousands of bees escaped the lab and spread throughout South America. They eventually moved through Mexico and now reside in several parts of the southern United States, including California.

What Do Africanized Honeybees Look Like?

Africanized bees look very similar to a typical honeybee. They are yellow with darker bands of color, are oval in shape, and have six legs, wings, and two antennae. The only difference is that Africanized bees are slightly smaller. The behavior of the bees and the location of the bees' nest are great ways to tell if you have European bees or Africanized bees.

European honeybees will look for pollen in larger groups and during the middle of the day, especially when the weather is sunny. Africanized honeybees will often collect pollen on their own or in smaller groups and will head out during the morning and evening.

European honeybees will build nests in more secluded, aboveground areas, such as the hollow of the tree or inside of a damaged wall. Africanized honeybees will often build nests underground or in the open from a tree trunk.

Why Are Africanized Honeybees Dangerous?

A single Africanized bee is not deadly. The insect's venom is the same as the African bee, and if you are stung by a single killer bee, the sting will be painful, but you will not suffer any serious complications. What makes Africanized bees so dangerous is their aggressive nature and that they will continuously attack if they feel threatened.

When a single Africanized bee stings an individual, it will release a scent that will signal the other bees in the swarm to attack. Once the Africanized bee colony is agitated, they will remain on alert and ready to attack anyone who threatens the hive for a full 24 hours after the initial incident. This species is also adapted to live on very little food for long periods.

If the food becomes too scarce, the colony will leave the nest and take over a new backyard or area that has more sustenance.

What Should I Do If I Encounter Africanized Honeybees?

Encountering a swarm of Africanized bees is scary, and knowing what to do can help protect you and your family from being stung dozens, or even hundreds, of times. Here are the steps you should immediately take if a swarm of killer bees confronts you:

  • Seek shelter: Rush into your home, car, or any enclosed space. The bees will follow you for up to 1/4 of a mile, so running is not a viable option.
  • Never swat or crush the bees: Swatting or killing the bees will only make the swarm more aggressive. When you stomp or crush the bee, it will emit an odor that will single more bees to swarm.
  • Forget jumping in water: Africanized bees will not leave if you jump into a lake or pool. Instead, they will wait for you to jump out and will continue to attack any exposed areas.

If you are stung several times, watch for the signs of a severe reaction to the venom. They include nausea, swelling, rashes, trouble breathing, lethargy, a burning sensation, or fainting. If you experience any of these symptoms, or if you are allergic to other types of bee stings, call 911 immediately.

Can I Get Rid of Africanized Honeybees on My Own?

The professionals should be the ones to eradicate a hive of Africanized bees. The bees will sense any disturbances around their hive and will not hesitate to strike. A professional will have the tools and skills necessary to effectively remove the hive and Africanized bees from your backyard.

Africanized killer bees are a dangerous pest that can terrorize a backyard and put your family and pets in danger. If you suspect you have an Africanized honeybee infestation on your property, or if you have any questions, contact the professionals at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management.

Tips for Keeping Nuisance Birds out of Your Backyard Garden

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Thu, Jul 05, 2018 @ 01:15 PM

Woman working in gardenIf you're an avid gardener, chances are you spend hours each week planting, watering, weeding, and making sure your crops or flowers are well cared for. Unfortunately, nuisance birds will also try to reap the benefits of all that hard work. In addition to destroying your garden, the feces of nuisance birds can harbor several diseases that dangerous for your family and pets, including histoplasmosis, salmonella, and E. Coli. 

Don't allow birds to take over your backyard garden. Instead, follow these simple tips to keep them out.

Provide the Birds with an Alternate Food Source

The idea of providing nuisance birds with food might seem counterintuitive because the readily-available treats might attract unwanted birds to your yard. Unfortunately, if you're planning to begin a garden or have had one for years, the aroma will also draw birds to your backyard. Planting flowers, vines, or trees to sacrifice to the birds or filling feeders with birdseed will help prevent nuisance birds from dining on your garden.

Plant the foliage in an area that is far away from your garden and easily accessible to the birds. Keep any pets away from this area to avoid deterring birds.

Several types of foliage are native to California and will attract birds, including:

  • Sunflowers
  • Milkweed
  • Elderberry
  • Buttonbush
  • Dogwood trees

In addition to planting these and other types of foliage to attract birds to a separate area of your yard, placing bird feeders will also help keep birds out of your garden. Make sure the feeders are well-stocked. If you want to avoid having squirrels invade the feeders, avoid placing them near your trees and invest in a squirrel-proof feeder or a squirrel baffle, which affixes to the top of the feeder.

Invest in Bird Netting

No matter the size of your garden, bird netting is an effective way to keep birds at bay. You can find several different types of netting, and the one you choose will depend on your budget and how much garden you need to cover.

Here are a few of the different bird netting options to consider:

  • Polypropylene netting. Made from a durable type of plastic, this type of netting won't conduct electricity and, depending on the size, will keep out several different types of nuisance birds, including pigeons, sparrows, and starlings.
  • Lightweight plastic netting. This netting is more cost-effective and can be used to protect your garden from a variety of birds as well.
  • Knotted netting. This netting features knots at the mesh intersections, which makes it very strong and an ideal choice if the birds are able to get through knotless netting.
  • Knotless netting. A better option if your budget is tight, this type of netting will keep out several species of smaller birds.

Bird netting is available in a variety of colors, sizes, and with different mesh sizes. You can also purchase nets that are tossed over bushes, raised off the ground above the garden, or that protect the garden from all sides.

Scare the Birds Away

Another common strategy that is often effective at keeping birds out of the garden is to scare them away. You have several options, depending on your needs, budget, and the size of your garden, including:

  • Scarecrow. A classic option, this scaring device can be purchased or built with items found in your garage. Place the scarecrow in an area where it’s easily visible to the birds.
  • Reflective items. From aluminum foil strips to specialty tape, when the light reflects off these items, it can confuse and frighten away the birds.
  • Scare decoys. Plastic owls, hawks, coyotes, and brightly-colored balloons with large eyes — several varieties of decoys are available. Place these throughout your garden.
  • Motion-activated devices. When a bird flies by the garden, the device will spray water or emit a loud noise that will startle the birds away. If the birds are attacking your garden at night, you can also use a device that features a light.

These scare tactics can be used on their own or in combination throughout your garden, no matter the size.

Seek the Help of Professionals

If you've tried everything or if the bird problem is out of control and you cannot handle it on your own, it's time to call a professional. A pest control agent can help you determine the best options to eliminate birds from your property. After a comprehensive examination of your garden and property, they will provide you with a game plan that will help you eliminate the birds without harming the vegetation, your family, and pets.

From scare decoys and bird netting to the help of a professional pest control agency, you have a variety of strategies to try to keep nuisance birds out of your backyard garden. If you have any further questions, contact the professionals at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management.


Termites | Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc.

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Wed, May 30, 2018 @ 01:14 PM


Termites: Signs of a Problem & Methods of Prevention

Termites are insects that eat wood and plant matter. For homeowners, termites can be a source of anxiety. Left unchecked, a termite problem can do serious damage to a home, garage or shed.

However, not all homeowners know how to tell when they have a termite problem or how to prevent one. Knowing what termites look like, what the warning signs are, and how to keep termites out of your home can help you take care of your property and avoid costly damage. 

How Can You Tell If You Have Termites?

There are many different ways to tell when you have termites. Visual sightings, damaged wood, and mud tunnels can all point to termites. 

Visual Sighting

Termites look a little bit like ants with wings, and sometimes one can be mistaken for the other. The best way to tell the difference is by checking the length of the wings. Termites have two sets of wings, both of equal length. Ants have longer front wings and shorter hind wings. Adult termites are dark brown or blackish-brown and about 3/8 of an inch in length. 

Termites are usually not seen unless they swarm. When this happens, they will emerge in the thousands from the colony, often filling a room and moving toward a light source. Termites only swarm in the early spring when the temperature reaches 70 degrees Fahrenheit or more. Usually, swarms are seen after a heavy rain. 

Damaged or Hollow Wood

Termites eat wood from the inside out, so you may encounter a piece of timber or even a floorboard that has been completely hollowed out.

Sometimes with floor boards, termites eat the wood until they come to the heavily lacquered surface, and then they stop. This habit leaves the wood paper thin but still visually intact. When you touch the piece of floorboard, you’ll realize the wood is not solid inside. Or you may knock on a piece of lumber and hear a hollow sound. 

Often, homeowners discover this damaged wood after or during a construction project. For example, some homeowners won't discover termite damage until they tear back a layer of carpet and discover partially or completely ruined hardwood floorboards underneath. Other times, homeowners will find damaged wood in a crawl space or in the attic. 

Mud Tunnels

Termites build mud tunnels for the same reason that people build subway tunnels: for transportation. Mud tunnels are pencil-thin tunnels made from a combination of wood and soil. Mud tunnels can be built out of a colony to the ground or in exploration. Often, mud tunnels are found in the basement or outside the home, along the foundation. 

Many homeowners who see mud tunnels do not recognize them for what they are. These fragile tunnels can be easily damaged or destroyed. However, in protected areas (like the dark corner of a basement) mud tunnels can last for a long time after termites have been exterminated. Homeowners who find mud tunnels should not panic but instead should contact a reputable pest control company for an inspection. 

What Can You Do to Prevent Termites?

Termite prevention is not foolproof. Although you can do some things to make your home less attractive to termites, no fail-safe way exists to keep termites away. Some simple suggestions include:

  • Keep wood piles away from the house.
  • Encourage good drainage around the house.
  • Inspect the property periodically for termite damage.
  • Fix leaks as soon as they develop.
  • Make repairs to the roof as soon as damage has been discovered.
  • Caulk or seal holes and cracks in the foundation as they are noticed. 

The best way to prevent termites is to contact a reputable pest control company and have your home inspected on a regular basis for a termite infestation. This preventative measure is especially important if other homes in the neighborhood have recently been treated for termites since termite swarms will stay in the general area when looking for a new place to make a colony. 

Once a home has been treated for a termite infestation, the termiticide will continue to work for years after the initial treatment. Your pest control person will tell you how long the termiticide should work. A good pest control company will also warranty their work. Find out what the terms of the warranty so you can call back your pest control company if needed.

Who Can You Talk to for More Information?

Termites can be a big pest. Homeowners who are proactive in their search for information about termites can protect their home and avoid the worst of the damage. 

If you're a homeowner who is concerned about termites, or if you have questions about how to identify and prevent termites, contact us at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc.We'll be happy to answer your questions and give you more information. 

A Gardener's Guide to Aphids | Greenleaf Organic Pest Management

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Wed, Apr 11, 2018 @ 09:11 AM


A Gardener's Guide to Aphids

For many homeowners, gardening is more than a hobby or a way to increase the aesthetic appeal of their property. It is a therapeutic release and a way to escape from the rigors of everyday life. Both diehard gardeners and those who only keep a few potted plants in the backyard have an enemy in common: aphids.

Aphids are small insects that can have a huge impact on the health and appearance of your garden. Here is some valuable information about aphids, including how to get rid of these pests.

What Are Aphids?

Although they are small, aphids can cause some serious damage to your garden and landscape. An adult aphid is typically one-eighth of an inch in length. Many gardeners believe that aphids are either green or white. Aphids can actually be several different colors, including black, orange, yellow, and gray. There are wingless and winged adult aphids, as well.

Most adult aphids do not have wings. However, if you have an abundance of aphids in your garden or landscape, some of them will grow wings to find a new food source.

Aphids also have antennae and a large, sucking facial appendage they use to remove the nutrients from plants.

What Are the Signs of an Aphid Infestation?

In addition to spotting these tiny insects on your indoor and outdoor plants, there are other signs of an aphid infestation, including:

  • The leaves of the plants will begin to wilt and turn yellow or brown. Eventually, they will fall off. This occurs because the aphids drink the nutrients that the plants need to thrive.
  • A sticky substance called honeydew will cover the leaves and stalks of the plant. This substance is secreted by aphids when they land on plants.
  • Other insects, particularly ants, will be attracted to your garden because of the high sugar content of the honeydew secreted by the aphids. If you notice an abundance of ants in your garden, the issue might be an aphid infestation.

The sweet honeydew also creates the ideal environment for the proliferation of sooty mold fungus. The fungus is black and when it spreads, and it will make it difficult for plants to soak up nutrients from the sun.

Aphids are not only an annoyance, they are also very dangerous for your plants.

What Impact Can Aphids Have on Vegetable Gardens?

If you have a vegetable garden in your backyard, it is just as vulnerable to aphid attacks as your plants and flowers. In addition to the damage caused by the secretion of honeydew and the loss of nutrients, aphids also carry a variety of lethal plant viruses that can destroy your vegetable garden.

For example, aphids will carry a virus called sweet potato feathery mottle virus, which affects sweet potatoes. Squash, pumpkins, zucchini, and watermelon are susceptible to the papaya ringspot virus, zucchini yellow mosaic virus, and the watermelon mosaic virus.

Even if there isn't a widespread aphid infestation in your garden, your vegetables may still not be safe from these viruses. It only takes a handful of aphids and a few minutes to spread any of the above-mentioned viruses, which can destroy your backyard garden very quickly.

How Can You Keep Aphids Out of Your Garden?

The most effective way to prevent aphids from destroying your flowers, indoor plants, and vegetable garden is to keep them off your property. One of the simplest ways to prevent aphids from entering your garden is to introduce a natural predator: the ladybug. Ladybugs will consume aphids, and you can either introduce them into your garden or plant flowers and other foliage that attracts ladybugs.

Ladybugs are attracted to several types of plants, herbs, and vegetables, including parsley, calendula, common yarrow, butterfly weed, and bachelor button.

If you're planning to plant a new garden or introduce potted plants into your home, make sure that the chosen area or the plants inside your home aren't already harboring an aphid infestation. If so, you will need to get rid of the existing aphids before you introduce any new plants or vegetables.

How Can You Get Rid of an Aphid Infestation?

The method you use to get rid of the aphids in your garden or indoor plants is dependent upon the degree of the infestation. If the infestation is localized, such as in a single indoor plant or a small patch of garden, you may be able to get rid of the aphids and their eggs with your garden hose or an insecticidal soap.

However, if the infestation is widespread or you aren't able to control the smaller infestation on your own, contacting a professional is the best option. A professional can help you get rid of the aphids in your garden and provide you with the tools and knowledge to ensure that aphids don't return.

Aphids are a common problem that can be eliminated with the help of a professional. If you have any further questions, contact Greenleaf Organic Pest Management.

Tags: garden

Cockroach Myths and Misconceptions | Greenleaf Organic Pest Management

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Wed, Mar 07, 2018 @ 07:53 AM


Cockroaches: Common Myths and Misconceptions

If you're like most homeowners, the word cockroach sends shivers down your spine. There are approximately 4,500 different species of cockroaches across the globe, and about 30 of those will wreak havoc in homes. However, before you believe everything you've read or been told about cockroaches and cockroach infestations, it's important to know that a lot of this information isn't accurate.

Here are a few of the most common myths and misconceptions associated with cockroaches.

Cockroaches Are Only Found in Filthy Houses

If your home is immaculate, you might think that you're immune from a cockroach infestation. Unfortunately, even people with a clean home can harbor cockroaches. These insidious insects are searching for three things that are found in every home: food, water, and shelter.

Keeping your home cockroach-free, however, is possible. Here are a few tips to help your home less attractive to cockroaches:

  • Store your food in airtight containers, including your pet food
  • Never leave food sitting out. Leftovers should be tossed or stored immediately.
  • Take out your garbage each night
  • Eliminate any standing water inside or around your home

Eliminate as many entrances to your home as possible. Repair any damage to your foundation and siding. Run a bead of caulk around any cracks or gaps in your windows. Cockroaches can invade your home in winter, so practice these exclusion techniques year-round.

Cockroaches Are Gross, but They Can't Make Me Sick

Cockroaches make your skin crawl, but you might think they are merely a disgusting nuisance that won't make your family sick. Unfortunately, cockroaches carry a variety of life-threatening illness, including salmonella, cholera, dysentery, leprosy, and the plague. When the cockroaches eat your food, it can spread these illnesses through their saliva and feces.

The fecal matter of a cockroach can also cause an allergic reaction in adults and children. If anyone is suffering from asthma in your household, the cockroach feces can make the condition even worse.

Small Cockroaches Aren't Dangerous

Cockroaches come in a variety of shapes and sizes. You may be frightened of huge cockroaches invading your home because these varieties are dangerous. There are four different varieties of cockroaches that most Americans will encounter: American cockroach, oriental cockroach, German cockroach, and brown-banded cockroach.

The American cockroach can reach lengths of three inches. However, the other three varieties will only reach lengths of less than one inch. Understanding the type of cockroach that is in your home will help an exterminator determine the best way to eliminate the infestation.

For example, German cockroaches are very common in warmer climates.  German Cockroaches, are brought in rather than come from the outside. Grocery stores, restaurants, schools and many other places are the most common way they find their way into our homes.  Always inspect bulk items, like cases of soda’s, potatoes, onions and many other items.

The adult is light brown and is typically around one-half inch in length. This variety has wings, although it cannot fly, and harbors a variety of bacteria that can make your family sick.

Cockroaches Can Live for Years Without Their Head

Another bizarre myth associated with cockroaches is the idea that this insect can live for months or years without its head. In reality, a cockroach cannot survive for years without a head, but it can live for around a week after being decapitated. This is possible because a cockroach has an open circulatory system.

A cockroach can breathe through small holes on the body, meaning it can still function without a mouth to breathe. The cockroach will eventually die because it still needs a mouth to eat and drink.

Stepping on a Female Cockroach Will Release Its Eggs

Many homeowners are reluctant to kill a cockroach inside their home by stepping on it because they believe that if it's a female, stepping on it will release all the eggs and you will start a full-scale infestation. This is another myth for many reasons. A female cockroach lay their eggs inside a shell called an ootheca. Some species of female cockroaches lay the eggs inside the ootheca and then release the sac.

Other varieties do keep their egg-filled ootheca on their body until the eggs hatch. However, if you were to step on this type of cockroach, you would not open the ootheca, and instead, you would kill the mother cockroach and all the eggs. So stomp away!

Cockroach Infestations Are Easy to Handle

One of the most common and pervasive myths associated with cockroaches is that if you only see a couple in your home it will be easy to handle the problem on your own. Unfortunately, if you've notice a single cockroach scurrying across your floor, chances are there are several more hiding out throughout your home.

If you notice a cockroach, do not try to handle the infestation yourself and instead, contact a professional. An exterminator will have the tools and experience necessary to determine how cockroaches are entering your home, and how to put an end to the infestation.

Cockroaches are an issue across the United States. If you have any further questions, or need an exterminator to fight a cockroach infestation your home, contact the professionals at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management.

Tags: cockroaches

Millipedes and Centipedes | Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc.

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Fri, Feb 02, 2018 @ 08:17 AM

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A Few Facts About Millipedes, Centipedes, and IPM

Insects with six legs are creepy enough. Insects whose names advertise that they have a thousand (millipede) or even one hundred (centipede) legs are downright daunting. What do you do if these weird creatures show up in your house? First, don't panic, because most centipedes and millipedes mean you no harm.

Understand that you can use natural methods to prevent and limit millipede and centipede invasions. Practice integrated pest management (IPM) to control all sorts of pests in and around your home. Here are some facts to help you manage millipedes and centipedes.

Differences Between Millipedes and Centipedes

Centipedes and millipedes are beneficial arthropods. They're some of the oldest land animals known to scientists. Both are types of arthropods that have evolved as efficient members of the ecosystem.


Millipedes are the sleeker arthropods of the two types. Millipedes are from the Diplopoda class of arthropods. Each one of their body segments contains two to four pairs of legs. Millipedes move in an undulating fashion similar to caterpillars. They roll up into a tight ball when disturbed.

Millipedes accidentally stumble into your home and don't actually harm anything. Some millipedes excrete a substance that can cause discomfort to skin, but this is a rare occurrence.

Other identifying features of millipedes are:

  • Slow moving
  • Nonbiting
  • No rear-facing hind legs

There are over 12,000 species of millipedes in the world. The most common types of millipedes found in California are the greenhouse millipede, the bulb millipede, and the common millipede. Millipedes can be steel-gray to brownish in color, and some have bi-colored body segments.

Millipedes are attracted to damp soil, rotting wood, and fecal matter. These small creatures help break down soil and turn it back into fertile growing media. In some areas, millipedes also eat insects they find in the soil.


Centipedes are arthropods from the Chilopoda class. They're efficient hunters and help get rid of problem pests including roaches, bedbugs, termites, and flies. In fact, if you see a large invasion of centipedes, it could be a sign of another pest problem in your home.

Centipedes come out at night after hiding in cracks and crevices of closets, cabinets, and baseboards. The common house centipede is a frequent invader of California homes. It has gray markings and really long legs.

When a long-legged centipede dashes across a wall or floor with no warning, the pest's movement can make a person jump. Silverfish have a similar darting movement, but centipedes are often much longer creatures.

Here are some other features of centipedes:

  • They are fast moving
  • They will bite if provoked
  • They don't curl up when touched
  • They have backward-facing rear legs

There are around 8,000 species of centipedes in the world. These hardy arthropods even live inside the Arctic Circle. You may encounter a dozen or so varieties of centipedes in California.

Centipedes can have long or short legs and come in a variety of colors. Tiger centipedes are yellow and black as their name suggests. They are one of the venomous centipedes found in California desert areas, but they rarely enter homes in the region.

Things That Tempt Millipedes and Centipedes

Millipedes want piles of leaves and rotting organic matter to roll around in, and they're happy to explore under the mulch around your home's landscaping. All it takes is a crack in the home's foundation, and a curious millipede is wandering around in your basement.

Millipedes are also attracted to wet areas in crawlspaces, sheds, and garages. If leaf litter and dirt are mixed in with the moisture, millipedes want to be there.

Centipedes love to munch on termites. If your home is suffering a termite invasion, the centipede will show up for a ready food source. Termites and centipedes both love the same damp crawlspace and basement environments, so they coexist well under leaky pipes and damp joists. The centipede finds juicy bugs, settles down, calls your place home, and starts feasting.

Integrated Pest Management for Centipedes and Millipedes

When you practice whole-house IPM, you learn to spot the ways your home is tempting pests. You learn to remove those temptations so you don't attract pests. For effective centipede and millipede IPM, focus on the following tasks:

  • Clean up debris around foundation
  • Seal cracks in basement or foundation
  • Address moisture issues in crawl space or basement
  • Reduce mulch in landscaping and garden
  • Use fans and dehumidifiers in bathrooms and humid spaces

If you see a lot of centipedes, have your pest-control professional inspect your home for the insects the centipedes are hunting. When you get rid of the roaches, termites, or flies that are the food sources for centipedes, the centipedes move on to more productive hunting spots.

It's not advisable to use strong chemical insecticides to eliminate centipedes and millipedes. Most can be caught in a container and set free outside. If you prefer not to rehome these multilegged creatures, that's understandable. Your pest control company will help you eliminate the centipede or millipede infestation and help you practice IPM for all types of home invaders.

Contact Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc., today to learn more about the pests around your home. We handle indoor and outdoor pests for homeowners in the Greater Los Angeles area.

The Facts About Snails | Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc.

Posted by Mark A. Puglisi, ACE on Wed, Dec 27, 2017 @ 08:56 AM


Snails: Get the Facts About These Garden Pests

If your once-thriving vegetable garden suddenly appears chewed up or damaged, blame it on the brown garden snail. The brown garden snail (Cornu aspersum) possesses a voracious appetite. Once the pest finds a sustainable food source, it consumes everything in its path.

Sometime during the 1850s, the garden snail entered California as a European delicacy. But over the years, the brown snail has become more than just a fancy appetizer. The pest is now the bane of existence for numerous nurseries, farming communities, and even residential areas in the state.

To protect your vegetables and other plants from destruction, learn as much as you can about the mysterious brown garden snail.

Where Do Brown Garden Snails Hail From?

California is home to over 200 different species of snails and slugs. About 22 of the snails in the state, including the brown garden snail, come from Europe and other places outside of the U.S. Although mature snails hibernate during the cold season and emerge once spring arrives, young brown garden snails can remain active all year long.

Cornu aspersum is a unique land mollusk that belongs to the gastropoda class. Gastropods generally rely on a single organ called a foot to move about. Special glands inside the foot secrete or release a slimy substance called mucus. This substance makes it easier for the snail to glide across different surfaces. 

Like many other gastropods, the brown garden snail has two long eyestalks on the top of its head. This strange setup allows the snail to see or detect danger in many different directions. The brown snail's shell is also unique in color. Some shells have a gold base with irregular dark markings, while other shells may appear dark brown with gold markings running through them.

What Do Brown Garden Snails Eat?

Brown garden snails usually travel to areas with plenty of moisture and food, such as residential vegetable gardens. Garden snails use the moisture in your soil to hydrate their soft bodies, as well as your vegetables to survive the seasons.

The snails can consume a variety of natural food sources, including:

  • Carrots
  • Cabbage leaves
  • Cucumbers
  • Ornamental plants
  • Tomatoes and their leaves
  • Roots

The pests may also consume weeds and decaying animals. If you use organic soil to sustain your garden, you may be inadvertently helping the garden snail thrive in it. The damage created by garden snails can be considerable. The pests usually create irregularly-shaped holes in the things they attack. Your plants may eventually wither away and perish. 

You can keep your garden safe and prevent the serious problems above by managing and controlling the snails in it.

How Can You Control Brown Garden Snails?

Management and control are the best ways to keep your garden free of brown snails. If you use pesticides, the chemicals may potentially harm your vegetables and make them unsafe to eat. If you remove the garden, you lose a sustainable food source for your family. You want to avoid these issues as much as possible.

It's a good idea for you contact a pest control contractor to assist you with the snails in your garden with Integrated Pest Management (IPM) services. IPM uses a variety of methods to control or manage outdoor pests, including organic treatments. Organic treatments are low in toxins and make the least impact on the environment.

Placing baits in your garden to reduce the snail population over time may be an option. Baits may contain ingredients that kill young garden snails before they have a chance to breed. A pest control provider can discuss how the baits work and what they contain when you contact them.

In addition, a pest control company may offer other solutions you can use to keep your vegetables safe, including showing you how to clean up your garden. Snails can hide in weeds and excessive growth. By cleaning up your garden, you allow birds, lizards, and other natural predators of the pests to spot them easily.

A contractor may also suggest placing makeshift shelters around your garden. Snails usually feed at night and take cover during the day. Once the pests complete their nightly rounds in your garden, they may take refuge under or inside the makeshift shelters in the morning, making it easier for you to physically remove the pests.

With the combination of management tools above, you can keep snails from infesting your garden. Pest control will generally inspect and monitor your garden throughout the year as a precaution. New snails can travel to your garden if they find the conditions favorable.

You don't have to lose your vegetables to brown garden snails when you can do something about it. Contact us at Greenleaf Organic Pest Management, Inc. for a detailed inspection of your garden and more ideas on how to eliminate the snails in it.